More than 125,000 foreign minors without papers live in severe social exclusion in Spain


The Fundación porCausa denounces the institutional abandonment of half a million migrants residing in our country, which drags them into poverty and unprotected work in the face of exploitation

from ctxt 03/24/2022 shared with thanks

Migrant minors with skaters in the municipal park of Isabel Clara Eugenia, in the neighborhood of Hortaleza. Miguel Ezquiaga

Between 475,000 and 514,000 migrants resided in an irregular administrative situation in Spain at the end of 2020.

A scenario in which around 14% of non-EU migrants are denied the possibility of accessing daily procedures such as a rental or employment contract, to the health system or to the creation of their own bank account.

These data are what the Fundación porCausa denounces in its latest study on the need to approve an extraordinary regularization of undocumented migrants

In 2021, the percentage of migrants in this situation grew to 16%, despite the decrease in arrivals during the first months of the pandemic.

This contrasts with the xenophobic approach that some parliamentary groups make of the southern border, something that the Observatory of the Right of Asylum, Forced Migration and Borders (CEAR) has been denouncing for years.

Of the total number of migrants who arrive in Spain in an irregular situation, 70% are Latin American and only 11% are African.

Last year the number of see (in 2019 there were 31,000).

Currently, a regularization process is open for the nearly 12,000 undocumented Ukrainian migrants in our country, a figure that has doubled since the 2014 invasion of Crimea.

The lack of papers implies a factor of vulnerability of the most basic rights of foreigners. The porCausa study warns of how this situation limits the right to health and education, prevents adequate access to justice for victims and multiplies the chances of living in poverty.

One in three foreigners is at risk of social exclusion, a proportion three times higher than that of Spaniards. This rate doubles in the case of migrant households with minors in their care (60%).

The consequences are even worse for women and children. Around 58% of the undocumented in our country are women, mostly workers dedicated to care and cleaning with eternal days and salaries well below the legal minimum.

One in three female employees in the sector lived below the poverty line in 2019. While for the nearly 125,000 minors living in Spain (25% of all undocumented migrants), irregularity hampers their access to the education system and health and the protection of justice.

This isolation excludes them from society and exposes them to psychiatric pathologies such as stress, anxiety, depression and even suicide.

It is worth remembering how universal access to healthcare was withdrawn from foreigners in an irregular administrative situation from 2012 to 2018. In those six years, mortality in this segment of the population increased by 15%. This reality contrasts, paradoxically, with that experienced during the pandemic, where the fundamental role that migrants play in some sectors considered essential, such as food production, cleaning, care and maintenance services or the transport of goods, have maintained the economy afloat.

According to the latest employment data extracted from the Active Population Survey, most undocumented adult migrants have jobs in the underground economy, which prevents them from making direct contributions through social contributions. Two sectors group more than half of these “informal” jobs: home care (27%) and hospitality (24%).

PorCausa estimates that a generalized regularization would increase the average net tax contribution of each immigrant to around 3,500 euros per year. Which would mean a benefit of between 790 and 950 million euros per year for the public coffers.

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<img alt="<p>Menores migrantes junto a patinadores en el parque municipal de Isabel Clara Eugenia, en el barrio de Hortaleza.
Menores migrantes junto a patinadores en el parque municipal de Isabel Clara Eugenia, en el barrio de Hortaleza. Miguel Ezquiaga

Author: thefreeonline

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